Exploring Countries: Luxembourg

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Lüksemburg

Translator: Hanne Türkmen

Luxembourg is the next stop of our journey where we cross oceans and continents and get to know different countries. Luxembourg is like an outdoor museum with its castles, historic architecture, and museums. 

1The Geographic Location of Luxembourg

Let’s start our journey with the location of one of the smallest countries in Europe. The country is border neighbors with Belgium in the west and north, France in the south, and Germany in the east. Luxembourg is a landlocked country. The capital has the same name as the country itself; Luxembourg, it is also the biggest city in the cococountry.

2The Population and Ethnical Structure of Luxembourg

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According to the data from 2017, the population of Luxembourg is 590 thousand. 44% of the population is Luxembourgers and the rest come from varying ethnicities. 

3The Religious Structure of Luxembourg

There is no formal data on the distribution of religions in the population. But the common religions in the country are Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. It is estimated that 87% of the population is Catholics and the rest 13% consist of Protestants, Muslims, and Jews.

4A Brief History of Luxembourg

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Luxembourg was founded in 936 and unfortunately has been under the sovereignty of different countries as the country had a strategic importance at the time. The countries it had gone under sovereignty respectively are Spain, France, Austria, Holland, and Prussia. In 1897,  after they demonstrated their independence, Luxembourg was invaded again. They finally gained their independence in 1944.

5The Economy of Luxembourg

Luxembourg has a developed economy. So much so that the country is known as the global financial center because of the high per capita income of the country. Its per capita income ranks first among European countries and third worldwide. Due to the strong economy and stable growth, Luxembourg is also known as the Heart of Europe.

6The History of Islam in Luxembourg

Muslims first migrated here in the 1960s. The number of Muslims in Luxembourg increased in the 1990s with the wars in the Balkans forcing them to refuge. Therefore, the exact number is unknown, but the number is assumed to be between 6.000 and 12.000.

7The Capital of Luxembourg

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The capital city is Luxembourg, which has the same name as the country. The capital, which is also the biggest city of the country, is in the south of the country. Luxembourg is bordered on the north by the Alzette River and the south by the Pétrusse River. The Luxembourg Castle, which has survived from the Middle Ages to the present day, is located in the heart of the city. Luxembourg consists of two parts, the old town called Ville Haute and the riverbank city of Ville Basse.

8Administration and Politics in Luxembourg

Luxembourg is officially known as the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, and it is ruled by a constitutional monarchy. Although it is a monarchy, the National Assembly and the cabinet retain legal authority. The Assembly consists of 60 countries and is determined by elections that are held every 5 years. The country’s administrative structure consists of three large provinces: Luxemburg, Diekirch and Grevenmacher. There are 12 cantons in each province.

9The Luxembourg Cuisine

With the influence of French, Belgian and German cuisines, Luxembourg has a cuisine with a rich variety. Trout, pike, and crayfish are all essential ingredients in Luxembourgish cuisine. Beans, potatoes, onions, and other root crops are commonly used as main ingredients in meals. 

10A Building That Has Become the Symbol of Luxembourg

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The Adolphe Bridge was built in 1903 to provide safe passage across the Peter River. With a length of 153 meters and a width of 17.2 meters, the bridge has a four-lane road for vehicles and two walking paths for pedestrians. The now seen symbol bridge is believed to represent the independence of Luxembourg. Both because of this symbolic meaning and the pretty view it has, the bridge attracts the attention of tourists. 

11The Museums of Luxembourg

The biggest and oldest museum in Luxembourg is the National History and Art Museum. The museum consists of Luxembourg’s historic and cultural heritage since the day it was opened in 1869. The Luxembourg Bank Museum is a museum dedicated to the country’s banking history. Notre Dame Cathedral is not a museum but it is an important monument from the 17th century. 

12The Vianden Castle

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Vianden Castle is a huge castle built on the highest point of Vianden Town, and its history dates back to the Middle Ages. The total length of the castle, including its exterior, is 90 meters. There is a small museum inside the castle. The house which Victor Hugo stayed at when he was in confinement is now turned into a museum as well, named the Victor Hugo House. 

13Places You Should Visit in Luxembourg

Bock Casemates is a castle from the 9th century. There are plenty of underground caves and tunnels. The building that is enlisted in the UNESCO World Heritage list is constantly under the visit of tourists. Another building is the Grand Duke Palace, it was first built as the mayor’s building but then turned into a palace.

This article was originally written in Turkish. Click to read it! Ülkeleri Tanıyoruz: Lüksemburg

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