In our series, we are introducing beautiful mosques from different countries. This time, the mosques we will get to know are in Iran.
Isfahan Grand Mosque
Also known as Masjid-i Jame, Jami Mosque, or Friday Mosque, it is one of the structures that best reflects the Seljuk rule in Iran. Nizam al-Mulk, one of the most famous viziers of the era, personally oversaw the restoration of the mosque and had the largest dome of the time built. The golden ratio was used in the construction of the dome. The most important feature of the mosque is the many additions and alterations made to it without compromising the main structure. The mosque embraces the city of Isfahan, with its doors opening to the streets of the city. It is a unique monument that encompasses many cultures. In 2012, it was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list.
Blue Mosque (Gok Masjid)
Also known as Masjid-i Kabud, the Blue Mosque gained its name due to the unique blue tiles inside. Construction began during the 15th century under the rule of the Turkic ruler Cihan Shah of the Kara Koyunlu dynasty, and after their decline, the construction was continued by the Aq Qoyunlu dynasty. Every part of this exceptional structure is made of brick. The mosque used the “sir” technique in its design, and the decorations include botanical and geometric motifs, along with inscriptions that add to the value of the mosque. Due to natural disasters in the mid-15th century, the monument suffered some damage, but through restoration, it has managed to survive to the present day.
Decorated with the iconic blue tiles that have become a symbol of Isfahan’s culture. The construction of this mosque began in 1611 and was completed in 1629 after meticulous work lasting 18 years. The interior of the mosque acts as a sundial, indicating the direction of the qibla based on the position of the sun. The mosque’s interior acoustics showcase remarkable knowledge and fine craftsmanship. Research has identified 49 distinct sound qualities within the mosque, though the human ear can perceive only about 12 of them.
Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque
Built in the 17th century in Isfahan by Shah Abbas, this mosque highlights the significant place of Iranian architecture in the world. The mosque exudes an authentic atmosphere. It stands out as one of the prominent works of the Safavid era. Its distinctive feature is being built without minarets or a courtyard. The captivating elegance of Persian decorative arts adorns the mosque’s walls, and the peacock motifs used on the dome add a unique touch. In addition to floral and geometric designs, the use of calligraphy in the decoration reveals the mosque’s exceptional character.
Nasir al-Mulk Mosque
Perhaps the most colorful mosque you’ve ever seen. Located in Shiraz, Iran, the Nasir al-Mulk Mosque was built in 1876 under the order of Qajar ruler Mirza Hasan Ali Nasir al-Mulk. Due to the colors and interior design, it is sometimes referred to as the Pink Mosque. During the early hours of the morning, the mosque is a burst of colors, but as the day progresses, the same colors become less visible. With its vibrant colors and unique art, the mosque sparks curiosity. Its design reflects the influence of ancient Turkish civilizations and a blend of Ottoman and Persian styles. Unlike other mosques, the interior of this mosque is even more captivating and beautiful than its exterior.